The Oromia national regional state is one of the regional states of the federal democratic republic of Ethiopia.
Being the largest region and sharing border with any regional state found in Ethiopia except Tigray, the Oromia regional state covers 366,000 km square, accounting for 31.17% of the total area of Ethiopia. It is an expanse of virgin land famous for its immense agricultural potential, water and, mineral resources and abundant scenic beauties. Presently there are about 22 million people in the region. The majorities are living in rural areas.
Administratively the region is divided into 14 Zones and 192 Woredas. It is an accepted fact hat development generally means an improvement and overhauling of the whole economic, social and political system of a country.
Despite its resources (actualized and potential) Oromia suffers from inadequate access to health care, inadequate water supply, scanty physical infrastructure, few schools and shortage of skilled man power.
I order for this reality to be materialized, in fact there are necessary pre-requisites some of which are interaction of a wide range of social, economic and political institutions; application of modern technologies to natural resources; and transformation of individual attitudes towards self, national, society and environment. Much to the chagrin of the hard working Oromo people none-of the consecutive regimes, which ruled the region in the past, came with development plans aimed at improving the lives of the people. They rather came with the policy of subjugation that the majorities were left leading the wrenched existence. Many research findings attest that the cause the currently prevailing socio-economic chaos in the region are the following.
There is no blinking the fact ordinary social services have for a long time been a chimera for millions of people in Oromia. But how and who should solve these riddles?
No matter the magnitude of the problem the regional government has long started making indefatigable efforts to change this situation for the better. But when compared to the intricate maze of the development problems in the region, the efforts made by the government can not be expected to bring sustainable and lasting socio-economic improvements in a relatively reasonable span of time.
Experiences of many countries show that neither the government budget nor external aid alone can do any miracle in transforming the lives of the poor. Rather, the decisive factor in development endeavors is the coming together of people determined to solve their problems by mobilizing their own expertise, finance and material resources.